0195144309 (alk. paper) 0195144317 (pbk. : alk. paper)
New York : Oxford University Press, 2005.
x, 176 pages ; 21 cm.
R724 .G58 2005
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
1. History and theories Introduction The need for theories Consequentialism and deontology Virtue ethics and feminist ethics Communitarianism and liberalism The rejection of theories : casuistry and cultural relativism Conclusion Selected readings 2. The patient-doctor relationship Introduction Informed consent Therapeutic privilege Confidentiality Cross-cultural relations What sort of doctors do we need? Conclusion Selected readings 3. Medical research on humans Introduction Design of clinical trials Equipoise, randomization, and placebos Problems with consent Vulnerable populations Protections and justice Conclusion Selected readings 4. Reproductive rights and technologies Introduction Abortion The moral status of embryos Surrogate pregnancy Sex selection Cloning Conclusion Selected readings 5. Genetics Introduction Genetic testing and screening Preimplantation genetic diagnosis Gene therapy Genetic enhancement Eugenics Conclusion Selected readings 6. Medical decisions at the end of life Introduction Defining death Withdrawing and withholding treatment Double effect Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide Futility Conclusion Selected readings 7. Allocating scarce medical resources Introduction Setting priorities Quality-adjusted life-years Age-based rationing Organ transplantation Two-tiered health care Conclusion Selected readings.